中英文摘要

WHERE?  该 到哪里才能捐赠骨髓?


浏览 OneMatch 注册成为捐赠者。

 


WHAT IS REQUIRED TO REGISTER?  要成为捐赠者需具备甚么 条件?

Between age 17 to 50 and of good health. Call or register on online and you will receive a Swab Kit with 4 Q-tips to collect your cheek cell samples to mail back to CBS. Once CBS receives the samples, you will be entered into the database – it is AS SIMPLE AS THAT.


您 的年龄必需介乎17周岁至50岁﹐身体健康。 OneMatch网站或你所在地的捐血中心注 册后,有关方面会向你提供一个套件﹐内里有细节﹐说明书及 四支绵花棒﹐ 只要用绵花棒在你的口腔 內兩側(頰)輕刮幾下(過程無痛﹐只為求沾上你的口腔細胞), 然後用回郵信封將樣本寄回後, 你的所有相關資料就會被錄入中加拿大血液服務中心的資料庫中﹐ 就是這樣無痛﹐這樣簡單。


IF I AM A MATCH, WHAT IS THE DONATION PROCEDURE?

如果我就是合适的捐赠者 ﹐下一步将会是?

Before proceeding with a donation, you will be contacted by a registered nurse from OneMatch who will guide you through each step of the process. You will be required to complete a physical examination and routine medical tests. These tests may include a chest X-ray and electrocardiogram, as well as blood and urine analyses. They are intended to ensure that you are healthy and physically eligible to be a donor.

 

在配型成功后作出捐赠前 ﹐ 加 拿大血液中心的注册护士会与你联络﹐ 向你解释及引导每个步 骤,对捐献者进行体检。一是为了保护捐献者,保证其在身体不适时不去捐献;二是为了对患者负责,不把带有病毒的造血干细胞捐给患者。体检包  X心电图验血及验小便。


AND IF I RECEIVE A CLEAN BILL OF HEALTH?

如 果我的骨髓吻合而且通过体检﹐ 有关方面会怎样从我身上 抽取造血干细胞?

 

In most cases (including mine), the matching donor will be required to donate STEM CELLS through Stimulated Peripheral Blood Donation (AND NOT A BONE MARROW ASPIRATION):
Donor will receive injections of a drug called granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) every day for four to five days. The stem cells are then collected using a procedure called apheresis where your blood is drawn through a needle. The blood is then passed through a centrifuge where the stem cells are separated from the rest of your blood. The remaining blood is returned back into your body through another needle. This is a non-surgical procedure.

 

整个过程并不复杂﹐ 亦并非手术﹐ 无需开刀。体检合格及一 旦确定捐献后,捐献者需要在采集中心连续四天注射细胞动员剂然后进行采集。主要是通 过细胞分离机将造血干细胞从血液中分离出来,而其余血液将从另一管道输回捐献者身体﹐ 整个过程就像捐血。一般 来说, 100-150ml 的造血干细胞混悬液就能 挽救一个患者。

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